Reducing waste and the efficient use of water play an important role in addressing some of humanity’s greatest challenges today: climate change and water scarcity. A promising solution is the implementation of a circular economy.

The European Commission’s Horizon Results Booster has established the project group “Value Creation from Wastewater”. Run4Life is one of the projects selected to joint this group along with; AFTERLIFE (GA no. 745737), ALICE (GA no. 734560), SCALIBUR (GA no. 817788), and ZERO BRINE (GA no. 730390). These projects all introduce solutions for wastewater treatment, recovery and reuse for both industrial and public sector utility operators and policy actors. The factsheet can be downloaded here.

Project results

Under this initiative, the Value Creation from Wastewater project group selected and mapped their key exploitable results and developed a joint portfolio of complementary results and have agreed to collaborate to provide visibility for each other’s innovations. The portfolio consists of three types of results; Wastewater Treatment and Recovery – Technical Process Innovations, Tools and Resources for Facility Operators and Policy Recommendations. They can be found below.

Wastewater Treatment and Recovery - Technical Process Innovations

ZERO BRINE Online Brine Platform
Digital matchmaking platform furthering industrial symbiosis by linking brine owners with mineral/water re-users and technology providers. Over 2500 registered users and counting. Seeking circular business opportunities for you company’s untreated brine streams or seeking secondary minerals? Register to the Online Brine Platform today! Contact:
Technical University of Athens (NTUA):
info@obp.uest.grMore Information:
ZERO BRINE Online Brine Platform
ZERO BRINE – Brine Simulation Tools
ZERO BRINE has developed a software tool to help brine owners analyse treatment chains. The Remote Component Environment (RCE) is freely available and can be accessed by brine owners to simulate their case studies and to evaluate the techno-economic feasibility of treatment chains in different process industries. The tools, developed in Python and Matlab, cover technologies including nanofiltration, crystallisation, and many more. Contact:
German Aerospace Center (DLR):
Benjamin Fuchs Benjamin.fuchs@dlr.deMore Information:
ZERO BRINE – Brine Simulation Tools
ZERO BRINE Special Issue: Circular Economy Solutions for Industrial Brines
In partnership with ELSEVIER, ZERO BRINE is proud to publish its Special Issue on Circular Economy Solutions for Industrial Brines as part of the Water Resources and Industry (WRI) series. Contact:
Danielle Kutka (REVOLVE)
media@zerobrine.euMore Information:
ZERO BRINE Special IssueAdditional Resources:
ZERO BRINE publications
ZERO BRINE media kits include factsheets on the pilot demonstrations for the demineralised water plant, coal mine, silica factory, and textile factory, contextualising the issue of brines, showcasing the technology schemes, and the business opportunities for recovered quality minerals and water. The factsheets and videos also highlight the key results of the demonstrations in terms of reductions in water use and energy use, environmental and economic benefits and recovered resources. Contact:
Danielle Kutka (REVOLVE)
media@zerobrine.euMore Information:
ZERO BRINE – The technology behind our pilot plant in Spain (Silica)
Silica Factsheet
ZERO BRINE – Technology behind Dutch pilot plants (Demi Water)
Demi Water Factsheet
ZERO BRINE – The technology behind our pilot plant in Turkey (Textile)
Textile Factsheet
ZERO BRINE – The technology behind our pilot plant in Poland (Mining)
Coal Mine Factsheet
The ZERO BRINE trainings aim to increase capacity building among authorities and business enterprises by contextualising issues of brine releases while introducing principles of circular economy, industrial symbiosis, and promoting the ZERO BRINE project and the Online Brine Platform (OBP) to inspire circular solutions for industry brine. Contact:
Danielle Kutka (REVOLVE)
media@zerobrine.euMore Information:
Training presentations
Recording: Online Training for Companies (EN): Towards Circularity and Industrial Symbiosis
Recording: Online Training (PL): Industrial saline wastewaters as a feedstock
Recording: Online Training (IT): Recovery of minerals from spent brines
Recording: Online Training (ES): Brine recovery and circular economy
Recording: Online Training for Companies (TR): Water and valuable materials recovery in industries
Recording: Online Training for Institutions (TR): Water & valuable materials recovery in industry
SCALIBUR Bioelectrochemical conversion of CO2
A bioelectrochemical conversion process that transforms CO2 extracted from biogas into valuable molecules to be used by chemical industries. Contact:
Víctor Monsalvo Victor.Monsalvo@fcc.esMore Information:
HOOP | Technologies for urban biowaste and wastewater valorisation (video)
SCALIBUR Project Flyer
SCALIBUR Optimised Anaerobic Digestion Process
To improve the bioconversion of sewage sludge, Aqualia splits the anaerobic digestion process into two reactors and works with co-digestate. Contact:
Víctor Monsalvo Victor.Monsalvo@fcc.esMore Information:
HOOP | Technologies for urban biowaste and wastewater valorisation (video)
SCALIBUR Project Flyer
Assessment of hyper-thermophilic/mesophilic temperature-phased anaerobic co-digestion of crude glycerine and sewage sludge
SCALIBUR Biopolymer (PHA) production from sewage sludge & organic residues
The ‘PHARIO’ concept produces PHA by utilising bacteria that purify wastewater and are being fed with organic residues. Contact:
Alan Werker
Etteke Wypkema e.wypkema@brabantsedelta.nlMore Information:
AFTERLIFE Multidisciplinary Design Optimisation Implementation Software
Software tool for the reduction of costs and time for design and implementation of advanced wastewater treatment technologies Contact:
María López-Abelairas Maria.lopez@idener.esMore Information:
AFTERLIFE Process: Integrated waste and wastewater conversion into biobased VFA and biogas
Bio-based VFAs production from waste and wastewater for the reduction and mitigation of carbon footprint, valorisation of waste. Contact:
Jesus Enrique Rodriguez Gamero: Jesus.rodriguezgamero@innoven.itMore Information:
AFTERLIFE Cost-effective Cascade of Membrane Filtration Units for the Separation and Concentration of Wastewater
New processes for reuse water production and valuables recovery from wastewaters to be used as such or for valorisation. Contact:
Hanna Kyllonen Hanna.kyllonen@vtt.fiMore Information:
Membrane-based conceptual design of reuse water production from candy factory wastewater
AFTERLIFE Recovery of high added value compounds / metabolites from wastewater
New processes for the selective extraction, fractionation and purification for the recovery of high added molecules for the food sector. Contact:
Sébastien Cajot sebastien.cajot@celabor.beMore Information:
AFTERLIFE Reused Water Production and Valuables Recovery Process
Optimized conditions for PHA production from fermented food waste streams using mixed microbial cultures. Contact:
Maria da Ascensão Carvalho Fernandes Miranda Reis amr@fct.unl.ptMore Information:
NOVA School of Science and Technology – Bioengineering Group
Optimized conditions for PHA production from fermented food waste streams using pure microbial cultures.

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María Auxiliadora Prieto Jiménez
auxi@cib.csic.esMore Information:
CSIC Polymer Biotechnology
AFTERLIFE Methodologies for the conversion of biopolymers into thermoplastic materials
Optimised formulation and processing for the production of PHA-based materials.


Tamara Oroz Mateo
tamara.oroz@lurederra.esMore Information:
“Afterlife” Advances in the Revaluation of Wastewater Compound
Run4Life High temperature Anaerobic Digestion Process
Optimized conditions for fertiliser production from anaerobic digestate. Obtains safe fertilisers in a one-step treatment Contact:
M. Vaneekert
P. Chatzopoulos P.Chatzopoulos@desah.nlMore Information:
Run4Life Factsheet Deliverable 2.2 – HTAD Pathogens (
Sustainability | Free Full-Text | Increased (Antibiotic-Resistant) Pathogen Indicator Organism Removal during (Hyper-)Thermophilic Anaerobic Digestion of Concentrated Black Water for Safe Nutrient Recovery (
Thermophilic (55 °C) and hyper-thermophilic (70 °C) anaerobic digestion as novel treatment technologies for concentrated black water – ScienceDirect (
Run4Life New Dual Flush toilets for an ultra-low flush vacuum system
Optimized water usage of a vacuum toilet.


dt@ecomotive.noMore Information:
Water | Free Full-Text | Practical Performance and User Experience of Novel DUAL-Flush Vacuum Toilets (
Run4Life Bio-Electrochemical system (BES) technology for nutrient recovery
Innovative technology for nutrient recovery from wastewater.


nicolas.morales.pereira@fcc.esMore Information:
Technology fact sheet – Bioelectrochemical system (BES)Development and optimization of a bioelectrochemical system for ammonium recovery from wastewater as fertilizer – ScienceDirect (scientific publication)
Run4Life Three pipe system to treat wastewater and kitchen waste with optimal efficiency
Optimized infrastructure for wastewater and kitchen waste for optimal efficiency of the treatment and resource recovery.


Hamse Kjerstadius Hamse.Kjerstadius@nsva.seMore Information:
Demonstration site fact sheet – Helsingborg
Run4Life One-step fertiliser production
Nutrient and energy recovery from black water through hyper-thermophilic digestion.


P. Chatzopoulos P.Chatzopoulos@desah.nlMore Information:
Demonstrations sites – H2020 project Run4Life (
Run4Life Full-Scale Decentralised Wastewater Treatment and Nutrient Recovery Process from Segregated Wastewater
Full scale decentralised applications of resource recovery from wastewater at an office building.


nicolas.morales.pereira@fcc.esMore Information:
Demonstration site fact sheet – Sneek
Run4Life Wastewater reuse, nutrient recovery and energy recovery in a new city district
Full scale implementation wastewater treatment and resource recovery technologies for a larger number of houses and a variety of other buildings


Lieven Demolder lieven.demolder@cleanenergyinvest.beMore Information:
Demonstration site fact sheet – Ghent
Run4Life Commercial Tailor-made NPK Pellets Fertiliser
Increased marketability of fertiliser from wastewater.


Hamse Kjerstadius Hamse.Kjerstadius@nsva.seMore Information:
Fertiliser product factsheet – Tailor-made NPK pellets
Run4Life Junio Science Lab
A lecture for children about wastewater treatment and recovery of nutrients from segregated wastewater streams. Including a practical experiment.


Iemke Bisschops iemke.bisschops@wur.nlMore Information:
Junior Science Activity – Resource recovery from wastewater

Tools and Resources for Facility Operators

Online Brine Platform
Allows brine owners to offer untreated saline streams or already recovered materials to match with mineral and water re-users and technology/waste heat providers. The results could be exploited by industries and companies all over EU. Contact:
media@zerobrine.euMore Information:
Zero Brine Website
ALICE Wastewater Plant Benchmarking Tool for Energy and Resources Management
The tool, trialled in across 3 EU countries, was developed before the start of the project Contact:
info@alice-wastewater-project.euMore Information:
ALICE Website
ALICE Alternative Cognitive Mapping Approach
New methodology to identify risk from climate change in context of wastewater Contact:
info@alice-wastewater-project.euMore Information:
Multiple perspectives of resilience: A holistic approach to resilience assessment using cognitive maps in practitioner engagement
ALICE Website
ALICE Paper: Energy Optimization Modelling Tools for Decarbonising Wastewater Treatment Plants
Highlights the need to integrate energy benchmarking, resource recovery and renewables in a single platform. Contact:
info@alice-wastewater-project.euMore Information:
ALICE Website
Run4Life Smart Resource Recover Platform
Decentralised platform able to collect data from the treatment processes, integrating data from physical components, and returning the identified KPIs on operational level. The platform includes both monitoring data (online and offline) and the modelling of the process. This platform gives added value to the operator allowing them to control the process and optimize it. The platform is built allowing the integration of data from physical layer/SCADA of any WWTP and it is easily configurable and scalable Contact:


Policy Recommendations

ZERO BRINE Policy Briefs for experts and policy makers and dissemination material
ZERO BRINE developed a core policy brief as well as three specialised policy briefs on Zero Pollution, the Industrial Emissions Directive, and the Urban Wastewater Treatment Directive highlighting key recommendations as well as barriers and enablers to ensuring the uptake of the ZERO BRINE technologies. Contact:
Danielle Kutka (REVOLVE) media@zerobrine.euMore Information:
ZERO BRINE Policy Briefs
paper: Circular Policies for changing the biowaste system
Common position paper developed by four projects with recommendations for EU policy makers regarding innovative valorisation of biowaste and wastewater. Contact:
Giulio Poggiaroni Giulio.poggiaroni@eubia.orgMore Information:
EU Projects Publish Position Paper Promoting Regulatory Measures for the European Circular Bioeconomy
Position Paper: ROOTS – circular policies for changing the biowaste system
ALICE Policy Report: Reinventing Water Pricing
The report looks at the structure of water prices in European countries with a focus on wastewater and the reuse of reclaimed wastewater with proposals on measures to encourage the efficient use of water, from reducing the percentage of the bill for consumption savings, bonuses to progressive pricing systems, which ensures that the higher the consumption, the greater the contribution to the costs of the water cycle. Contact:
info@alice-wastewater-project.euMore Information:
ALICE Website
ALICE Policy Report: Best practices and policy guidelines to implement municipal solutions for water reuse
Provides guidelines for policy-makers and water managers on the managing of urban WW through centralized and decentralized systems and through a risk management approach. It also contains a description of best practices. Contact:
info@alice-wastewater-project.euMore Information:
Best practices and policy guidelines to implement municipal solutions for water reuse
ALICE Website
Data set on urban citizens’ preferences, attitudes, and willingness to pay for the attributes of innovative urban wastewater systems of UK and Spain
The data set is obtained from 1,000 respondents in each country to understand the public’s perception, attitudes and willingness to pay for the provision of the wastewater public service Contact:
info@alice-wastewater-project.euMore Information:
ALICE Website
Run4Life Risk and sustainability assessment
Describes the risks and sustainability of the different technologies and approaches applied at the demonstration sites of Run4Life


Maite Moreira maite.moreira@usc.esMore Information:
Risk and Life Cycle Assessment – H2020 project Run4Life
Run4Life Mapping of stakeholders and expectations
Stakeholder and social and political context identification of the demonstration sites of Run4Life and the stakeholder engagement plan Contact:
Beatriz Medina beatriz.medina@weandb.orgMore Information:
Social context – H2020 project Run4Life


Project partners

Proposing a flexible, cost- and resource-efficient process framed in the zero-waste and circular economy approach for the recovery and valorisation of the relevant fractions from wastewater.
Suggesting new tools, methodologies and knowledge to boost innovation in the wastewater sector through a multi-stakeholder dialogue.
Leading waste management companies, technology developers and research organisations teaming up with four European cities to demonstrate innovative solutions to transform urban food waste and sewage sludge into high value-added products, helping cities to increase their recycling rate and create new circular economy business opportunities.
Demonstrating resource recovery from
source-separated domestic wastewaters, using a decentralised approach. Concentrated toilet wastewater, other domestic wastewaters and food waste are collected separately and given the treatment needed for optimal
resource recovery.
Facilitate a circular economy in various process industries by developing the necessary concepts, technological solutions and business models to re-design the value and supply chains of minerals and water, while dealing with present organic compounds in a way that allows recovery.

The projects under Value Creation for Wastewater Project Group (HRB PDESB AFTERLIFE) have received support from the HRB – Horizon Result Booster – an initiative funded European Commission, Directorate General for Research and Innovation, Unit J5, Common Service for Horizon 2020 Information and Data.